Apart of many years, which Iran use donating embryo to help infertility couples, some have no idea about the law, situation and how it presumed.
Donating embryo is a way of treating infertility, which according to it, the sperm of man and the egg of woman will self in laboratory, and after 4 days, the embryo will transfer to womb of intended woman.
Gestational surrogacy as a way of treating infertility, is when, couples have sick and unhealthy embryo, but woman can successfully, pass the procedure of pregnancy.
The first gestational surrogacy was in California. U.S in 1983 and this method enters Iran ant Afshaar hospital of Yazd in 1369.
For treating and curing infertility, there are multiple ways which gestational surrogacy is one of them, though it is more different and stranger, but can obtain having child for infertile couples.
According to official report of the first born child from gestational surrogacy in 1387, the perception of people about the new methods of treating infertility was increased. Using this technique brings hope for group of couples, which hitherto, believe they never have children. Among these methods are donor of ovule, sperm and embryo, which are “alternative pregnancy” and one of the best ways to treat infertility.
The tenet of alternative pregnancy and terms bring by law. What is important, is the certitude of the health of volunteer and the accordance of exterior, blood type, cultural, social and religious attributes of the volunteer. The first step to know about receiving gamete is to assess the risks, percentage of success, expenditures, legal issues, confiding the name of volunteer and applicants. This modern methods, have juridical and lawful aspects, alongside having treating aspects, which is based on the cultural, social and ethical situation of the state, demand special observance. From a long time ago, medias and press discussed about scientific researches, specially, the results of new treating method. There are questions such as: why they don’t attend to the lawful and juridical aspect of this method, and why instructions and provisions are imperfect and cannot answer to countless questions about this methods?
With regards to mentioned topic, the couples who intended to have kids through one of these methods, must aware of law, hence, they need council with experts, specially, lawyers to gain profit of this method.
In this book, we tried to survey the situation of embryo based on juridical and provisional aspects and with specifying the respective law, take positive step on progressing in society.